Centennial (once called CFJ90) is fast becoming one of the defining hops of the American Ale (APA & IPA) style. One of the "C" hops, along with Cascade, Chinook, and Columbus. Centennial imparts a pungent, citrus-like flavor and aroma. This particular "C" hop, however, is good when you are not looking to impart quite the floral aromas that you might find in Cascade.
Centennial is an aroma-type cultivar, bred in 1974 and released in 1990. The genetic composition is 3/4 Brewers Gold, 3/32 Fuggle, 1/16 East Kent Golding, 1/32 Bavarian and 1/16 unknown.
A relatively new hop on the market, this hop used to be called CFJ90. Described by some as a "Super Cascade" and we tend to agree, but it's not nearly as "citrusy". Some even use it for aroma as well as bittering. Bitterness is quite clean and can have floral notes depending on the boil time. (alpha acid: 9.5-11.5% / beta acid: 4.0-5.0%)
Alpha Acids: High Alpha
Hop Aroma: Floral and Citrusy
Hop Usage: Bittering, Aroma and Dry
General Trade Perception: Very balanced hop, sometimes called a super Cascade
Possible Substitutions: Cascade, possibly Columbus or Chinook. Analytically a blend of 70% Cascade and 30% Columbus will give similar profile.
Typical Beer Styles: All US Ale styles, has been used with US Wheat beers
Additional Information: Named from the Washington State Centennial Celebration. At one time this variety was going to be destroyed for lack of interest by the world’s major breweries. Today has found a very favorable following by craft-brewers
Pedigree: Selected from a cross between Brewer’s Gold and a selected USDA male.
Yield: 1700 – 2000 kg./ha. or 1500 – 1750 lb./ac.
Growth Habit: Good and neat, well-hopped down
Disease/Pest Susceptibility: No visible reaction to infection with Prunus necrotic ring-spot virus. Moderately resistant to downy mildew and Verticillium wilt.
Cone-Structure: Medium-sized, dense, compact cone
Lupulin: Abundant, dark yellow in color
Aroma: Medium intensity with floral and citrus tones
Alpha Acids: 9.5 – 11.5% w/w
Beta Acids: 3.5 – 4.5% w/w
Co-Humulone: 29 – 30% of alpha acids
Storageability: 60 – 65% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20º C
Total Oil: 1.5 – 2.3 mls/100 grams
Myrcene: 45 – 55% of whole oil
Humulene: 10 – 18% of whole oil
Caryophyllene: 5 – 8% of whole oil
Farnesene: <1% of whole oil